Garnet granules are often used as a filter media. Small garnet particles are used to fill a container through which a liquid flows. The pore spaces of the garnet are small enough to allow passage of the liquid but are too small to allow passage of some contaminant particles, which are filtered from the flow.
Garnet is suited for this use because it is relatively inert and has a relatively high specific gravity. Garnet granules crushed and graded to about 0.3 millimeters in size, can be used to filter out contaminant particles as small as a few microns in diameter. Garnet’s high specific gravity and high hardness reduce bed expansion and particle abrasion during back flushing.